IFRIC agenda decision - Demand deposits with contractual restrictions on use
IFRS Interpretations Committee (the Committee) agenda decisions are those issues that the Committee decided not to take onto its agenda. Although not authoritative guidance, in practice they are regarded as being highly persuasive. All entities reporting under NZ IFRS, NZ IFRS RDR and / or IFRS should be aware of these decisions as they could impact the way particular transactions and balances are accounted for. If there is an overlap in accounting requirements between IFRS / NZ IFRS and PBE Standards, these decisions would also impact on PBE Reporters.
At its April 2022 meeting, the Committee issued one final agenda decision about the presentation of demand deposits with contractual restrictions on use.
- Vendor sells one of its businesses to Buyer
- Sale agreement required Vendor to keep a specified amount of cash in a separate demand deposit to indemnify Buyer for potential warranty claims
- The warranty claims extend over several years
- Demand deposit can be withdrawn at any time by Vendor from the bank
- Contract with Buyer says Vendor can only use the money to settle warranty claims by Buyer (contractual restriction).
Is the demand deposit presented as a component of ‘cash and cash equivalents’ in the statement of cash flows?
Rationale for agenda decision
- IAS 7.6 - ‘cash’ comprises cash on hand and demand deposits.
- You do not need to look at the definition of ‘cash equivalents’ and the guidance in IAS 7.7, which says ‘Cash equivalents are held for purpose of meeting short-term cash commitment…’.
- IAS 7.7 is not relevant because a demand deposit is cash.
- From the bank’s perspective, the Vendor can withdraw the money at any time.
- Contractual restriction from the Buyer does not affect presentation as ‘cash’.
- Classification would only change if the restriction changed the nature of the deposit, such that it could not be withdrawn on demand.
Additional presentation and disclosure considerations
- The demand deposit is presented as ‘cash and cash equivalents’ in the statement of financial position (IAS 1.54(i))
- If relevant to an understanding of the entity’s financial position, the ‘cash and cash equivalents’ line item in the statement of financial position would be disaggregated (IAS 1.55), meaning it would show ‘Cash subject to restrictions’ as a separate line item on balance sheet
- The demand deposit is classified as a CURRENT ASSET unless IAS 1.66(d) applies, meaning the asset is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period.
- Amounts of significant cash and cash equivalent balances held that are not available for use by the entity (IAS 7.48)
- Additional information about liquidity risk (IFRS 7).
A demand deposit that is subject to restrictions on its use, arising from a contract with a third party, is included as ‘cash and cash equivalents’ in the statement of cash flows.
The principles and requirements in IFRS standards provide an adequate basis to deal with this fact pattern.
The Committee therefore decided not to add a standard-setting project to its work plan.
For more information, please refer to the Agenda Decision from the Committee’s April 2022 meeting.
For more on the above, please contact your local BDO representative.
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